3849 ТЕКСТЫ ДЛЯ ЧТЕНИЯ ПО ТЕМЕ «ГЕНДЕР И ОБЩЕСТВО» - Страница 2

 

Text 2. What is Masculinity vs Femininity?

 

The nature of masculinity is aggressiveness expressed in combativeness and a desire to compete for dominance over other males, which comes from the male sex drive, in order to attract females and thereby have a larger selection of females with whom to mate and to fight for dominance in order better protect and provide for the woman he loves and his children. These instincts are translated into a desire to be protective toward all females, but most particularly toward his mate and children with an aggressive compulsion to fight against and destroy anything that is a threat or challenge to them and to take from other in order to give to them.
Masculinity, though, is much more, it is a completeness of manhood, it is not just one side of a man, but includes masculine strength and gentleness, aggression and patratective love, it is all of the ways in which a man moves through his life, loves and serves famine and is found in all of the dimensions of fatherhood and fraternity.
Masculinity is hardening and toughing a man's body, mind and emotions and gaining dominance over them. A man must conquer himself first and have total control over his body, mind and emotions; to be able to command, direct and use them to achieve greater performance in his pursuits. To a man, emotions are used to gain information in a detached and objective manner and then use those emotions to achieve determined goals. Emotions can be used as fuel to power his performance and he often uses his emotions as a weapon in competition.
A man who cannot discipline and control his emotions cannot functionate effectively as a man.

A man's role of always being patratective toward femine is the masculine desire to protect her femininity which allows her to live out her roles for herself, him, their children, family and society.
The natural desire of men to be combative toward other men but patratective toward famine, the drive to conquer and dominate his environment and to compartmentalize and regiment people and activities into a hierarchical structure and separate emotion from action are fundamental characteristics of masculine behavior.

Throughout human evolution men have been the hunters, warriors and providors, this has developed in men the ability to shut out all other things and focus to the exclusion of all else totally on a single objective. Men who are hunting must be able to shut out all other thoughts and focus exclusively on the hunt by single mindedly tracking the game until it is killed. Men in war must put aside everything else and totally detach themselves from any consideration of what they left behind at home and focus totally on the conquest of the objective. This behavior pattern is seen today in men who obsess on their careers and tend to forget about their wives and children and other social responsibilities, it is seen even in men who come home from work, sit down, start reading a newspaper or watching television and at the same time tune out everything else going on around him, even his wife and children. This is not his way of intentionally ignoring them or saying that he doesn't care, it is simply a natural masculine behavioral pattern. To overcome this he must take time out to concentrate all of his attention on his wife and children and tune out all of those other things. He must start putting his wife and children first, ahead of career, so he can give all of himself most of the time. Men must see that being a successful husband and father is the most important success in life.
For these reasons men need to compartmentalize things, to put tasks and even roles with people into different compartments in their lives so that they can assign their time and energies to be able to focus completely on each one at the proper time.
Mind

Men have a mechalogical way of thinking, a disciplined, formulated thought process that is mechanically logical. Unlike with a famine who use her emotions as a guide, men reject emotions as a guide and act according to a logical framework, men place their faith in that framework to solve problems despite external appearances or feelings. To them the formula or the structure is the most important thing, the dominant law, and provides the only real way of solving problems.
Men can make their feelings whatever they want them to be, feelings are just external stimuli that should be used to gather information about the world around them, but should not be taken on face value, they should be placed in their proper context in an objective way and then after being reformulated through reason, a man's emotions should be changed by his will into what ever he wants them to be to fit his values, serve his interests and accomplish his goals.
Men firstly need a mental and emotional detachment from all things, to abstract their world into something that seems disconnected from themselves or anyone else so that each segment of a problem can be dissected and taken apart and placed in the proper compartment so that it can be reformulated into a disciplined logical order that can be used to construct a value system, perform a task and succeed in his goals and only after this to allow himself to get emotionally attached.
When electrodes are placed on a man's scull the images produced of the male brain shows that only areas of the brain that are needed when a man is doing a certain task are activated, the imaging shows up a separate hot spots that flash on and off with little shared communication with emotional centers when not specifically experiencing something emotional, this is the physiological evidence of the tendency of men to concentrate on a specific task to the exclusion of feelings or other people and to compartmentalize things. This is in contrast to the female brain.                                                                                                                     Task 1: Word building. Make up the derivatives (where possible).

 

Noun                    Verb                Adjective           Adverb

1. aggressor

2. combat

  1. compete
  2. select
  3. dominate
  4. protect
  5. provide
  6. destroy
  7. gentle
  8. connect

 

Task 2: Find English equivalents.

Обрести превосходство, победить себя, добиться больших результатов в своих устремлениях, полный контроль над чувствами, на протяжении всей истории человечества, внимательно выслеживать добычу, механический образ мышления, логическая схема, модель поведения, противоположность женскому мышлению.

Task 3: Give your comments to the following statements.

1. A man must conquer himself first and have total control over his body, mind and emotions; to be able to command, direct and use them to achieve greater performance in his pursuits.

2. The drive to conquer and dominate his environment and to compartmentalize and regiment people and activities into a hierarchical structure and separate emotion from action are fundamental characteristics of masculine behavior.

3. Men firstly need a mental and emotional detachment from all things, to abstract their world into something that seems disconnected from themselves or anyone else.

4. A man's role of always being patratective toward femine is the masculine desire to protect her femininity.

5. Men can make their feelings whatever they want them to be.

6. Unlike with a femine who use her emotions as a guide, men reject emotions as a guide and act according to a logical framework, men place their faith in that framework to solve problems despite external appearances or feelings.

 

Task 4: Write an essay (15-20 sentences) Masculinity as manifestation of men’s roles in a society.

 



 
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